The application of genomics in agriculture, or agrigenomics, utilizes modern technology for the analysis of plant and livestock genetic makeup. It is a rapidly evolving industry that has become more available due to the technological advances and the reduction of sequencing costs. Agrigenomics can shape the future of agriculture and provide novel insights to farmers, breeders, and scientists.

Advantages of Agrigenomics for Agriculture & Food Industry:

  • Establishment of a unique identity for food and agricultural products
  • DNA-based identification of plant & animal food ingredients
  • More effective control of food fraud at multiple stages of the supply and processing chain
  • Rapid identification of pathogens and beneficial microorganisms in biological samples
  • Reduction of the required time for conventional breeding (7-15 years) through marker-assisted breeding (MAS)

Prospects of Agrigenomics for the near future:

  • Protection and increased sustainability of genetic resources
  • Even lower costs and more user-friendly genetic analyses
  • Breeding and plant selection based on beneficial microbial communities for the reduction of agrochemical and fertilizer use
  • Analysis of huge genomic datasets through sophisticated bioinformatics tools
  • Gene mining from an entire set of genes contained in a species, including all cultivars and wild relatives (pan-genomes)